EFFECT OF SEASONS ON THE MARKETING OF FOOD CROPS
1.1 Background of the study
The triple whammy problems of rapid increase in population, climate change and pressure on resources are major constraints to adequate agricultural production. Among the three, climate change is the most pressing challenges that the world faces today. Climate change is a defining phenomenon of the century. Given current atmospheric concentrations of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs), the world is already committed to significant warming. This is a serious challenge, given the wide range of expected climate impacts on natural systems, as well as on human societies, as assessed in the most recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change . Climate change threatens to undermine the progress that has been achieved to date, especially in the agricultural sector .
It remains unclear; however, what the character of the new climates will be when they become fully established. While certain areas could become drier, others could be wetter. Also major shifts of climatic belts could occur. How, when and where these could happen remain largely unresolved . The Stern Review, for example concluded that (i) the costs of climate change – induced extreme weather events could reach 0.5 – 1% of GDP by the middle of the century; (ii) a 2 to 3 degree Celsius rise in temperature could reduce global output by 3%; and (iii) if that rise should become 5 degrees, up to 10% of global output could be lost. The Review also concluded that it would need 1% of GDP to stabilize emissions at manageable levels.
In Nigeria, the climate change phenomenon manifests in many respects apart from the rising sea level and inundation of coastal lands by sea water. These include increased frequencies of extreme climatic events like strong storms, floods and above average daily minimum and maximum temperature . There have also been marked intraand inter annual rainfall variability . As shown by Ojo et al. , the durations and intensities of rainfall have increased in the last three decades, producing large runoffs, floods and water logging in many places. Also temperature has continued to be above normal with relatively higher figures in 1973, 1987 and 1998. Most stations have had temperature increases of 0.2 to 0.3°C per decade in Nigeria.
The actual and potential impacts of climate change in Nigeria are considerable and have far reaching effects. All sectors of our socioeconomic development, including agriculture are vulnerable to climate change. It presents significant threats to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals especially those related to eliminating poverty and hunger and promoting environmental sustainability.
Productive agriculture is essential to feed a growing population and sustain modern civilization. Climate affects agriculture, a fact well known to every farmer. Year-to-year variations in harvest are largely due to variations in temperature and precipitation that can make the difference between bountiful “bumper” crops and economic ruin. The persistent sahelian drought of 1969 – 73  and later the spell of 1979 – 83  are outstanding examples.
1.1 Statement of the problem
There may have been previous researches in this subject. This work gives further explanations and analysis in effect of seasons on the marketing of food crops
1.2 Objectives of the study
1.To understand the effect of seasons on the marketing of food crops
2. To understand the relationship between seasons and the marketing of food crops
1.3 Research questions
1. What is the impact of seasons on the marketing of food crops
2 What is the relationship between seasons and the marketing of food crops
1.5 Research hypothesis
H0: There is no relationship between seasons and the marketing of food crops H1: There is a relationship between relationship between seasons and the marketing of food crops
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