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THE IMPACT OF MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (MIS) ON EFFECTIVE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN AN ORGANIZATION
The extended essay focuses on the “impact of management information system on the effectiveness of employees’ productivity in an organization”. However, management information system plays a vital role in stimulating the operation of an organization worldwide. This essay revealed that the regular training and workshops on MIS organized by the organizations influence the effectiveness of staff to be more productive. It also revealed that information processing devices must not only be available but also readily made accessible for staff usage in order to influence them to be effective in performing their duties. It was recommended that management of the selected organizations should give their employees the opportunity to go for training and retraining so as to up-date their competence and knowledge in management information system. It is also recommended that the management of the organization should provide adequate facilities devices of information management system.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Every aspect of management in the modern age relies heavily on information to thrive. Nothing moves without information and it is generally believed that information is power and that he who has it has power. It has even been described as a singular resources needed to develop other resources, including workers in an organization. That is why Odger and Keeling (2000) deduced that one way businesses meet information needs is to use Management Information System (MIS). One approach by which organization can utilize company’s capability is through the development of Management Information System (MIS). There is no universally accepted definition of Management Information System (MIS) and those that exist reflect the emphasis and perhaps prejudice of their authors.
However, the term “Management Information System” (MIS) can be seen as a database management system tailored to the needs of managers or decision makers in an organization. MIS is a system using formalized procedures to provide management at all levels in all functions with appropriate information based on data from both internal and external sources, to enable them to make timely and effective decisions for planning, directing and controlling the activities for which they are responsible Argyris (1991). It should be noted from the above definition that the emphasis is on the uses to which the information is put. Planning, directing and controlling are the essential ingredients for “Management”. In essence, the processing of data, information, and communicating the resulting information directly to the user, is the key function of MIS. It should, therefore, be noted that MIS exists it organization in order to help them achieve objective to plan and control their processes and operations, to help deal with the uncertainties, and to help in adopting changing or indeed initiating change.
Essentially, therefore, information has become a critical resource, just like energy, both of which are vital to the wellbeing of individuals and organizations in the modern world. Like energy and politics, technology is changing the ways in which information is captured, processed, stored, disseminated and used augured by Charles (2002).
Management Information System (MIS) is generally thought of as an integrated, user-machine system providing information to support operations, management and decision-making function in an organization Abdullahi (2004). As a matter of fact, MIS is a special purpose system useful for management in an organization. MIS is an accessible and rapid convey or belt for appropriate high quality information from the generation to its users. The heart of an effective MIS, therefore, is a carefully conceived, designed and executed database. Its level corresponds to adaptive decisions. As a result, Management Information System (MIS) enhances the administrative process and the operations and decision-making power of an organization. This explains why standard and digitalized information processing devices such as the computer, word processing and inter-net are highly welcome by organizations across the world.
Management Information System (MIS) helps management in effective planning, organizing and controlling its workforce to achieve desired results. It therefore, means that the ineffective utilization of Management Information System (MIS) can result in low and poor quality production by workers. Also implies that Management Information System (MIS) is a necessity for successful management which could adversely affect the productivity of workers if not properly managed.
Kotler (2006) in a simpler manner defines Management Information System (MIS) “as a planned system of the collecting, processing, storing and dissemination of data in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of management. In a way it is a document report of the activities that were planned and executed”. In other words, Management Information System (MIS) is an integrated user machine system for providing information to support the operation of management analysis and decision making function, which utilizes computer hardware’s and software’s as well as manual application for its procedures.
Despite the utilization of Management Information System (MIS) in its various forms there still seems to be some problems that infringe on the effectiveness of decision-making by managers and the productivity of employees in an organization. this includes issues bordering on monitoring the system perhaps as a result of limited numbers of departmental managers and supervisors or their exit and also non-qualitative factors like morale of workers, attitudes of workers to work as well as the lack of flexibility of Management Information System (MIS) to update itself, thus calling for an investigation to provide needed balance Akinola (2003). Management Information System (MIS) seeks to know the motive for work and to find ways by which their realization can be helped and encouraged. This service has a dynamic aspect of management Saogy (1989).
1.2 Objective of Essay
The main objective of this essay is to examine the impact of Management Information System (MIS) on effective human resources in an organization.
Other specific objectives include the following:
i. To determine the problem associated with Management Information System (MIS).
ii. To determine how Management Information System influences the Human Resources Management.
iii. To identify the benefits of Management Information System (MIS) in the motivation of workers.
iv. To determine the role played by Management Information System (MIS) in the achievement of organizational goals.
v. To identify benefits of Management Information System (MIS) in decision making.
vi. To determine how the cost of Information Technology affects Management Information System (MIS).
1.3. Significance of the Essay
In view of the role played by information on how Management Information System (MIS) affects workers productivity, the essay was expected to be of benefit to students, employers, employees, learning institutions and future researchers.
Students: It is hoped that students would see the needs to equip and avail themselves of the knowledge of Management Information System (MIS) in modern technologies to fit into the challenging world of work.
Employers: It is very much hoped that findings from this essay will provide ready tools for employers (management) to make effective and efficient decisions on managing their Human Resources (Man Power), especially in the effective use of Management Information System (MIS).
Learning Institutions: Institutions of higher learning are expected to use the needs and importance attached to the training of their students in modern Management Information System (MIS) and incorporates it in their learning experience to enable them fit adequately in the labour market.
Future Researchers: This essay when completed is expected to e useful to future researchers by providing them with reference materials.
1.4. Delimitation and Limitations of the Essay
The essay covers an examination of the impact of Management Information System (MIS) on effective Human Resources Management (HRM) in an organization.
However, the essay has the following limitations:
i. The unwillingness to disclose some vital documents to the writer, which extensively hampered the essay in no small measure.
ii. Another limitation includes money and time for any researcher to be effectively accomplished; it needs adequate time and money to produce necessary materials.
iii. Also lack of relevant textbooks in the school library.
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